Shop Steward Tools - Shortcuts
To Log In To The Grievance Wrangler - Click The Image Above
For Additional Shop Steward Resources - Click Here
The Rights Of A Shop Steward
The NEMSA Shop Steward is the eyes, ears, and hands of NEMSA. The NEMSA Shop Steward is the local face and voice of NEMSA in the workplace. And as a Shop Steward You Have Rights!
The origins of these rights are found in law (especially the National Labor Relations Act) and in decisions of the Supreme Court and the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB).
These legal rights include, but are not limited to, a general principle of equal status with management when functioning as Steward; a right to solicit grievances; and a right to active participation in a Weingarten setting.
The General Principle of Equal Status With Management
By its very nature, a Steward’s job requires vigorous advocacy, even confrontation. Confrontation, however, conflicts with the usual rules of employee conduct, which stress obedience to supervisors. (Virtually all arbitrators subscribe to the "obey now - grieve later" rule as it applies to employees.) If Stewards had to live by these rules, they would be in a hopeless situation. They would be faced with a choice of not being an effective advocate, or risk being disciplined.
The NLRB and the courts have recognized this problem and have created a special legal status for Stewards when they engage in union business - they are considered to be equals with management. The NLRB has stated: The relationship at a grievance meeting is not a "master-servant" relationship but a relationship between company advocates on the one side and union advocates on the other side, engaged as equal opposing parties in litigation.
In a similar vein, the US Supreme Court has said the National Labor Relations Act contemplates robust debate and gives a union license to use intemperate, abusive, or insulting language without fear of restraint or penalty if it believes such rhetoric to be an effective means to make its point.
There are two important limits to the equality principle. First, conduct by a Steward which the NLRB considers outrageous or indefensible is not protected. Second, the equality principle only applies when the Steward is acting in an official capacity.
Outrageous or indefensible conduct includes extreme unprovoked profanity, racial slurs, physical threats, or striking a supervisor.
The equality principle only applies when the Steward is acting in a role as Steward, i.e., presenting a grievance or requesting information. The principle does not apply when the Steward is not acting in the capacity of Steward.
As a NEMSA Shop Steward You Have:
The right to solicit grievances. There is a common belief among managers that union Stewards may not solicit grievances, that they may file grievances only if employees complain and ask them to file. This notion is false. The NLRB has specifically ruled, The solicitation of grievances is a protected activity for stewards as well as other employees.
The right to active participation in a Weingarten setting. The Supreme Court held, in a case known as Weingarten, that an employee who is being questioned by management, and who has a reasonable belief that discipline may ensue, has a right to representation prior to answering questions. The right must be invoked by the employee. A Steward has no right to invoke it for the employee. In other words, the employee must request a Steward.
However, once an employee invokes Weingarten, and a Steward is brought in, the Steward has a right to assist and counsel the employee.
Management sometimes asserts that the Steward may only be a silent witness. This is simply wrong. The Steward has the following rights:
- When the Steward arrives, the supervisor must inform the Steward of the subject matter of the interview.
- The Steward must be allowed to take the employee aside for a private pre-interview conference.
- The Steward must be allowed to speak during the interview.
- The Steward has the right to request that the supervisor clarify a question so that the employee understands what is being asked.
- After a question is asked, the Steward can give advice on how to answer.
- When the questioning ends, the Steward can provide additional information to the supervisor.
- It should be noted that, if the Weingarten rules are complied with, Stewards do not have the right to tell workers not to answer questions.